Research Methodology Homework Assignment

Research Methodology Homework Assignment

Dr. Corey M. Barwick POLI 3100: Research Methodology Homework Assignment #1

Homework Assignment #1


Below are a series of questions. Read each question carefully, and then answer all parts to the questions presented. This homework assignment is due to the Dropbox on eLearn no later than Sunday, September 5, 2021 at 12:00 PM (Noon)

Part A: Empiricism (9 points; 1 point each)

Question 1

For each of the following statements,

i. Decide if the statement is normative or empirical.

ii. Briefly explain why you think your answer is correct.

a. The Republicans won a majority of seats in the U.S. Senate in the 2014 Midterm elections.

b. Senators use the filibuster more often to oppose ideologically extreme nominees and laws compared to choices that are more moderate.

c. Offshore drilling should be banned in Alaska, because it is immoral to risk damaging an otherwise pristine natural environment.

d. The United States citizenry has become more politically polarized over time.

e. Judge Neil Gorsuch is an excellent pick to replace the late Justice Scalia.

f. Early voting periods should be shortened, because they disproportionately favor Democratic candidates for office.

g. Multiparty systems are better for representation than two-party systems.

h. The United States should take in more Syrian refugees than it currently has.

i. Women are less likely to run for political office because women, on average, have less interest in politics than men do.

Part B: Abstracts (6 points; 3 points for each abstract)

Question 2

Read the following abstracts. Then,

i. Identify the dependent variable(s) and independent variable(s).

ii. Briefly explain your reasoning.

a. “Decades of research have illuminated the pernicious effects of white racial prejudice on American politics. However, by focusing on prejudice, scholars have neglected other racial attitudes that might be relevant to whites’ political preferences. Our project addresses this omission by exploring how American politics is affected by white collective guilt—defined as remorse that a white person experiences due to her group’s actions toward black people. We expect collective guilt to motivate white support for both policies perceived to benefit African Americans and black politicians; we also theorize conditions under which collective guilt is uniquely activated. We examine these expectations using original data from five national surveys, including two embedded experiments. The results reveal that collective guilt has considerable explanatory power, even after taking standard measures of racial attitudes into account. We conclude that collective guilt is an independent racial attitude with significant consequences for white opinion” (Chudy et al. 2019).

b. “How do elections and postelection protest shape political trust in a competitive autocracy? Taking advantage of largely exogenous variation in the timing of a survey conducted in Moscow in 2011, we find that with few exceptions the election had little systematic effect on political trust, perhaps because vote improprieties were not new information. In contrast, the unexpected protest that followed increased trust in government. In this case, heightened trust arises largely from opposition voters—those most likely to be surprised by permission to hold the protest—who update their beliefs. We argue that when autocrats permit protest unexpectedly, citizens may update their beliefs about the trustworthiness of the government. Our results suggest that citizens may cue not off the content of a protest but off the government’s decision to permit it. In addition, autocrats can increase trust in government by allowing protest when it is unexpected” (Frye and Borisova 2019).

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